The New California DMS Rules Governing EV Charging Stations:
In December 2019, the California Division of Measurement Standards (DMS) finalized rules for measuring and verifying meter tolerance in electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), i.e., EV charging stations.
First, a little background. The California DMS rules formalize national guidelines governing electric vehicle fueling systems set forth in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Handbook 44. Among other things, the soon to be ratified code ensures that drivers charging their vehicles at publicly accessible commercial charging stations will actually receive the amount of kilowatt (kWh) hours they’re paying for. Not too controversial, right? After all, DMS already tests gasoline pumps and deli counter scales for accuracy.
The California DMS rules (which only apply to publicly available EVSE) require that:
- Charging stations have received a safety certification by a nationally recognized testing lab
- All publicly used commercial charging stations must include an easy-to-read user display
- Pricing must be clearly displayed and easily understood
- Stations must display voltage rating, type of current and max power
- Stations must display the quantity of electricity delivered
- Stations must display temperature limits, if narrower than and within – 40 °C to + 85 °C (− 40 °F to 185 °F)
- Require testing of station meters to a certain accuracy of 1% for level 2 (L2) and 1 – 2.5% for DC fast charge (DCFC)
The following are exempt from the rules:
- Stations owned and operated by public utilities, public entities and municipalities
- Stations unavailable to the public (e.g., EVSE used in residential or workplace charging situations)
- Stations that dispense electricity as motor vehicle fuel at no cost to the consumer
- Stations that deliver wholesale electricity
For those with stations not currently in compliance, don’t worry, you still have time to act. Despite reports to the contrary, the new rules didn’t take effect at the beginning of this year (2020). In fact, you have until next January (and even then, the regulations are phased in over several years depending on charging level and the age of your stations).
Charging stations must meet the new requirements as follows:
- January 1, 2021: New level 2 (L2) AC installations on or after this date
- January 1, 2031: L2 stations installed prior to January 1, 2021 (i.e., existing L2 infrastructure)
- January 1, 2023: New DC fast charger installations on or after this date
- January 1, 2033: DC fast chargers installed prior to January 1, 2023